Where Do Cocoa Flavanols Come From?
Cocoa flavanols are naturally-occurring bioactive compounds found in the cocoa beans of the fruit produced by the cacao tree. The cacao tree, or genus Theobroma, grows in a narrow band in the tropical regions 20 degrees north and south of the equator. Most of the world’s cocoa is grown by more than five million small family farmers in parts of West Africa, Southeast Asia and the Americas.
The Basics of Cocoa Flavanols
Cocoa flavanols refer to the group of phytonutrients, or bioactive compounds, found naturally in cocoa beans. Cocoa is an especially rich source of flavanols and the type and mixture of flavanols found in cocoa is unique. Flavanol content can vary considerably depending on a wide range of factors, including: